Organic gardeners who grow organic food, know the value in adding vermicompost or worm compost to amend garden soil. This process produces one of the richest forms of fertilizer that you can use today. This improves the soil quality, soil fertility, and also stimulates the health of the roots of your plants. By utilizing worm compost, gardeners grow food that is better for us and more nutritious. Now that you know that you can create a very rich soil for your new garden through composting, let us look at some of the basics.
When you introduce vermicompost to soil, the structure of the soil itself is enhanced. The nutrient rich substance that is produced enhances the soil by giving it the ability to hold enough water for the plants to enjoy a fruitful existence and at the same time it allows for good drainage. With worm compost, you can successfully enhance any garden soil whether it is clay or on the other extreme sandy. By adding it to your soil you are creating an environment that your plants will love. Living in this enriched soil, your plants will thank you by producing a bountiful crop.
What Is Vermicompost?
Basically, Vermicomposting is using worms to break down your organic waste and transform it into a type of compost that is rich and can be added to your garden or container soil. Red worms are typically used in composting bins. The worms are not the only organisms in the dirt that will be aiding the composting process. Other organisms such as fungi, bacteria, mites, arthropods and even insects love to live in the dark moist habitat. There is a natural organic process that produces good compost without the use of worms, but the worms readily decompose the organic matter and therefore they rapidly expedite the process.
So, what is the procedure of vermicompost?
Simply put, you take a handful of worms, put them in a bin of dirt with some shredded newspaper, a little water and add your everyday organic waste. In a few weeks you will have your worms producing the richest fertilizer that you may ever use and as a result, you will be growing some of the best tasting organic vegetables and your crops will produce like never before.
The worm bins are typically made of plastic. Remember that if you use wood, never use oak wood due to the acid content which is detrimental to your worm population. Also, you should have a cover for your container. Make sure the bottom of the bin has drainage holes and it should also be aerated with holes in the side as well as on the top of the container itself. A large plastic garbage can with a lid works well. The container should be kept relatively warm as red worms do not produce well or create compost well in colder climates.
The placement of the worms and organic waste material is critical. You should place your worms about 6-8 inches beneath the soil. Daily, add your organic waste to the top of the soil. Always make sure to keep the right moisture content. You want to keep your worms happy and healthy so they are producing some of the best compost you will ever use.
The moisture content of the compost material should feel like a wrung-out sponge. With time, you will get to know how the worm bedding feels by use of your hands. Using this method and through experience, you will be able to tell if the “vermicompost”compost is moist enough but not too wet for the worms to continue breeding and creating compost.
You may be asking what type of organic waste I may add to worm bins. Typically, things such as leaves, grass clipping and any substance that is organic such as straw or hay. Household waste could include such things as coffee grounds, egg shells, and any leftover vegetable and fruit scraps. Remember to never add oak leaves to the vermicomposting process due to their acidic value. Also, never use pet waste, as this will pass disease into your composting process.
Organic Gardeners Lead the Way by Utilizing Vermicompost
Although modern technology is a mainstay for most of us, there is a movement toward a naturalistic society which leans towards organically grown food. Organic Gardeners are leading the way by utilizing Vermicomposting in their gardens and producing extremely fruitful and healthful top quality crops. Join us and grow an organic garden and help the environment as well as your health.